EARLY ENGLISH SETTLERS
The first Mr. Weldon left London for Halifax in 1760. The vessel in
which he sailed was wrecked on the coast of Portugal. Returning to
London in 1761, he found his wife and family had sailed for Halifax,
where he joined them in the fall of the same year. The next year he
settled at Hillsboro, now Albert County, N.B., whence he removed to
Dorchester in the year 1780. He had children named Andrew, John, and
Andrew and John remained on the farm of their father, just on the
borders of the village. The children of Andrew are named Mary,
Elizabeth, John, Thomas, William, Gideon, Ovid, Esther, Judith, Amos,
and Ephraim, and are somewhat scattered, though most of them reside in
the County of Westmorland. In Chapter 8 there is notice of the first
John's family whose wife's name was Black. Thomas, the first, left
several daughters who have families. Their husbands bore the several
names of Harper, Church, Palmer, Brooks, Stuart.
John, a son of the first Thomas Weldon, lives at Dorchester, and has
Another large and respectable family, whose posterity is widely
spread through the Dominion, and particularly at the head of the Bay of
Fundy, will be noticed. This reference is to the posterity of William
Freeman, who came from England, not far from the year 1765. If so, he
was here several years before these people came from Yorkshire. He
married Jerusha Yeomans about the time of or very shortly after their
arrival in America. Their children consisted of five sons and nine
daughters. One of the sons died in infancy. The survivors were named
Sarah, William and Jerusha--twins--Samuel, Joshua, Elizabeth, Dorothy,
Martha, Philip, Hannah, Ann, Charlotte, and Rebecca.
Sarah, the eldest, was married to a Mr. Weatherhead. They lived at
Westmorland, N.B., where they had a family of children.
William married Desiah Newcomb, of Horton. They had one son and seven
daughters, named Permelia, Rufus, Olevia, Mary, Charlotte, Eunice,
Margaret, and Desiah. Mrs. Freeman died in 1811. Mr. Freeman was again
married, to Sarah Dimock, sister of Rev. Joseph Dimock and Rev. George
Dimock. By the second marriage there were three sons and three
daughters, named Jane, Daniel, Joseph, Matilda, G. William, and
Elizabeth. The youngest two sons and their children own and live on the
farm he left, which is a valuable property. The youngest son, George
William, is particularly ingenious, and has invented considerable
Rufus, the only son of the first wife, was engaged in mercantile
pursuits. He was highly esteemed, and died when a young man. He built
the first part of the Lamy Hotel.
Jerusha, the twin sister with William, jr., was married to James Hewson.
They lived at Jolicure, New Brunswick, and had children.
Samuel, the second son, owned an excellent farm, and prospered beyond
most of farmers. His youngest son now owns and lives on the farm. The
names of the children of Samuel Freeman, 1st, were Emily, James,
Elizabeth, Jacobina, George, and Samuel. The last named is the only
Joshua Freeman married Elizabeth Black, the eldest child of the
second wife of the first named William Black. At the age of 42 years he
moved, with his numerous family, to Upper Canada, now Ontario. More
particulars of this family are given in Chapter 7 of this work.
Elizabeth, the third daughter of William Freeman, was married to
George Wells, of Point de Bute, where they lived and raised a
respectable family. The eldest daughter was married to Joseph Avard,
Esq. The second daughter, Sarah, was married to Rev. John Snowball.
Three other daughters bore the names Permelia, Eliza, and Jane who, as
well as their brothers, William, George, Samuel F., Lewis, James, and
Joseph, all married respectably.
Dorothy, another daughter of William Freeman, was married to Jess
Bent of Fort Lawrence. Their children were named Matilda, Ann, Susanna,
Jane, William F., Samuel G., Torry, Jesse, and Lemuel. All married and
Martha, another daughter of the first named William Freeman, was
married to Lewis Kniffin Purdy. They settled at Amherst, and had three
children named Rebecca, Susanna, and James. Susanna left no offspring.
The children and grand-children of Rebecca and James reside at Amherst.
Philip inherited a portion of his father's property. He owned
considerable land in the centre of what is now the town of Amherst, and
about 60 years ago sold an acre to Rufus Freeman, where Lamy's Hotel
stands, and an acre to the late Dr. Carritte, where the Bank of Nova
Scotia stands, for forty pounds each. His dwelling house stood where
Robb's foundry now stands, and, when built, was among the best in
Amherst. About fifty years ago he removed with his family to Upper
Canada. He married Rebecca Lynds of Truro.
The older portion of their children were named Thomas, Rebecca,
Susanna, Benjamin, and Elizabeth. A few years since, Mrs. Freeman, then
an aged widow, and her maiden daughter, Elizabeth, visited their friends
Hannah, another daughter of the first named William Freeman, was
married to a Mr. Cameron. They did not reside in Cumberland.
Ann, another daughter was married to Gaius Lewis, of Westbrook,
Cumberland County. Mr. Lewis was a Justice of the Peace, and was for
several years a member of the Nova Scotia Legislature.
Charlotte, another daughter, was married to Thomas Lusby, of Amherst,
where they settled on a farm situated just on the suburbs of what is now
the town. Their sons are named William, George, and Rupert. Their
eldest, named John, died when a boy. They left no daughters.
Rebecca, the youngest daughter of the first named William Freeman,
was murdered [Ed. Note: sic - s/b married?] to Daniel Blair, of Onslow,
where they lived and had children. Mr. Blair was a carpenter.
William Freeman's eldest child was born in the year 1766 and the
youngest in 1790. All have passed from earth, and left a large number of
descendants, somewhat scattered, but chiefly living in Cumberland, and
William Donkin settled at Westmorland. His children's names were
Robert, William, Thomas, Barbara, and another.
Robert owned a good farm at Amherst, where he lived and was a zealous
member of the Methodist Church. His wife's name was Janet Crawford. Her
father was one of the grantees of Cumberland. They had two sons and six
daughters: William Matthew, Jane, Sarah, Nancy, Charlotte, Margaret, and
Ruth. William, the eldest son of Robert Donkin, married Susanna Fuller,
of Horton. Their only son, Charles, is a Justice of the Peace, and lives
at Amherst on the farm his father and grandfather owned. Matthew Donkin
married Abigail McElman, and had a small family of children. Jane was
married to David Bulmer and had several children. When advanced in life
they moved to Ontario, leaving behind one son whose posterity are in
Amherst. Ruth also removed to Ontario. Her husband's name was Elisha
Card, a stone mason.
Sarah, daughter of Robert Donkin, was married to Noah Fuller. They
had children. Nancy, another daughter, was married to Elisha Fuller. He
lived at Amherst, where several of the descendants reside. Charlotte was
married to Anthony Fillmore. They had four daughters, some of whose
descendants are in Amherst. Margaret was married to William Logan, and
lived in Amherst Point. They had no children.
William Donkin, 2nd, settled at Barronsfield and had several
children. Some of them went to Prince Edward Island.
Thomas Donkin, son of the first William, owned and lived on a farm at
River Philip. He had children, named Robert, John, Charles, Sophia, and
Robert was a member of the N.S. Legislature and a Justice of the
Peace. Some of his sons are efficient train conductors. He and John live
at River Philip. Sophia was married to Hiram Ferguson, a carpenter, who,
later in life, kept hotel. They had a small family.
Mary was married to Thomas Lusby, of Amherst, who is a Justice of the
Peace. They have three children.
Notice has already been made of Barbara Donkin, who was married to
The other daughter of the first William Donkin was married to John
Thomas Lusby and Thomas Robinson united in buying a tract of marsh
and upland lying at Amherst, from Lawrence Street to include the stream
on which Lusby's mill has long stood. In dividing the property a
division line was agreed upon. Now, says Mr. Robinson, "I would not
give a dollar for choice; if you wish to give me a dollar you shall have
your choice." Mr. Lusby gave the dollar and chose the portion with
the stream, which has shown to be a wise choice. A grist mill was built
on the stream, which has been profitable to them and a very great
accommodation to the community. While many mill-owners have been charged
with dishonesty, the Lusby mill has always been above suspicion.
The first Thomas Lusby had children, named John, Luther, Thomas,
Thomason, Elizabeth, Hannah, Charlotte and Nancy. The last two were
never married. The daughter Thomason was married to Thomas Embree,
Elizabeth to Edward Baker, Esq., and Hannah to Matthew Stuart. John was
lame, and was miller as long as his health permitted. He was never
Luther married Mary Embree. They had three sons and six daughters:
Thomas, John C., and Samuel, Charlotte, Sarah, Mary, Permelia,
Elizabeth, and Hannah.
Thomas, as noticed elsewhere, married Mary Donkin, of River Philip.
John C. married a Miss Purdy, daughter of Gilbert Purdy, Esq., and lives
on the old place, and has sons and daughters. Samuel married Caroline
Smith, of Amherst, and died when a young man, leaving one son. His widow
lives on and owns a portion of the old farm. The daughters of Luther
Lusby were married to Amos Black, Esq., William H. DeWolfe, Samuel
O'Donnel, Torry Bent, Dr. B. Page, and Otis DeWolfe.
Thomas, son of the first Thomas Lusby, married Charlotte Freeman, of
Amherst. They left three sons, named William, George, and Rupert.
William Married Mary Oxley, of River Philip. They have three daughters.
George married Almira, daughter of Josiah Black. There are three
daughters and a son. Rupert married Ellen Robb, and has five sons.
Thomas Robinson married Nancy Chapman, and died leaving a widow who
was married to James Roberts, of which notice appears in the reference
to the Chapman family.
William Chapman came from England, and settled at Point de Bute. His
children were William, Thomas, John, Henry, Mary, Jane, Polly, and
William Chapman, 2nd, married a daughter of the first Charles Dixon,
and settled at Fort Lawrence. Their sons, Henry and John, and a daughter
who was married to John Greeno, settled at the place now called Chapman
Settlement when it was wilderness, and soon made great improvements.
Thomas Chapman also owned a fine farm at Fort Lawrence. He had sons
named James, David, Thomas, Philip, Martin, and Benjamin. James resided
at Coverdale. David settled at Dorchester, Thomas at Amherst, where he
was major of militia; Philip at Shediac, where he was Justice of the
Peace. Benjamin remained on the old farm, at Fort Lawrence. One of his
sons is a Methodist minister, another is a Justice of the Peace.
Thomas Chapman, the first, had two daughters. One was married to
Robert McG. Dickey who was a Justice of the Peace and represented first
the township of Amherst, afterwards the County of Cumberland in the
Provincial Assembly. His son, R. B. Dickey, is a very prominent lawyer
and Senator of the Dominion Parliament. The other daughter of the first
Thomas Chapman was married to John Morse and afterwards to Ichabod Lewis
of Moncton. John Chapman married Sarah Black. (Particulars in Chap. 6).
Henry Chapman, son of the first named William, married a Miss Seaman of
Wallace. Their sons, who were very muscular and of large physique, were
Henry, Stephen, Thomas, Joseph, and Smith.
Henry and Stephen remained at Point de Bute on their father's farm.
Stephen moved to Sussex some years after his marriage. Both these
brothers married daughters of Samuel Freeze, Esq., of Sussex. Thomas
married Rebecca Purdy. While single he lived many years with his aunt,
Mrs. Roberts, at Amherst, and she left a valuable property to him, on
which he settled. One of his sons is a Justice of the Peace. Smith
Chapman's residence was in Kings County, N.B. A daughter of the first
Henry Chapman was married to Martin Bent, 2nd, of Fort Lawrence.
Mary, daughter of the first William Chapman, was married to George
Taylor, of Memramcook--now Rockland. Their children were intelligent,
and respected. Sally, another daughter, was married to Richard Black, as
noticed in Chap. 4. Nancy was married first to Thomas Robinson, and
again to James Roberts by whom there were no children.
Jane was married to John Smith.
John Smith came from England when a young man. He married Jane, daughter
of the first William Chapman, and owned and lived on a valuable farm at
Fort Lawrence. He had nine athletic sons, named John, William,
Nathaniel, Thomas, Benjamin, Robert, Joseph, Henry, and James. There was
a daughter, also, who was married to Israel Embree, whose descendants
are well and favorably known.
John Smith, 2nd, settled at Shepody, now Albert County. He was a
member of the New Brunswick Legislature, and Justice of the Peace.
William's home was at Maccan. Thomas, Benjamin, and Henry settled at
Shinimicas, where the virgin soil was excellent, and they turned the
wilderness into valuable farms. Nathaniel settled at Point de Bute,
where members of his family reside. Joseph, Robert, and James remained
at Fort Lawrence, where some of their children live and are farming.
William Freeze was one of those who left old England for the new
America. His wife's name was Bulmer. They lived upon the farms now owned
by the Messrs. Keillor at Amherst Point. They also owned other lands
adjoining and a large area of marsh. The marsh at that time grew grass
of inferior quality, and it was the almost universal opinion that it was
destined to nothing better. Mr. Freeze sold this property and bought a
large one at Upper Sussex, N.B., now Penobsquis, where he settled his
four sons on good farms containing, besides the upland, a large area of
interval. The names of his children were Miriam, Mary, Samuel, William,
John, and Charles.
Miriam, the eldest daughter, was married to Matthew Fenwick who owned
a large property at Southampton, where the Harrisons now live. He
removed to Studholm, Kings Co., N.B.
Mary, the second daughter of William Freeze, was married to Thomas S.
Black of Amherst. (Full particulars in Chap. 5.)
Samuel Freeze was married three times and had twenty-one children. He
was several times elected a member of the New Brunswick Legislature. His
son Nelson is now the high sheriff of Kings Co., N.B. His son-in-law,
George Ryan, also was, for many years, a member of the Legislature and
had subsequently a seat in the Dominion Parliament.
William, John, and Charles, sons of the first named William Freeze, were
all married and raised intelligent and respectable families, some of the
members of which have filled important stations. Matthew McLeod, a
grandson of Matthew Fenwick, was for many years a member of the New
Thomas Bowser, who arrived in America in 1774, settled at Sackville,
N.B., on a large farm that became very valuable. Two sisters came at the
same time and subsequently were married, one to John Smith of Parrsboro,
the other to a Mr. Hutchinson who settled at Musquodoboit.
The names of the children of Thomas Bowser were: Thomas, Ebenezer,
Richard S., George, Joseph, William, Benjamin, John and Layton. There
were three daughters. One was married to John Smith, 2nd, of Parrsboro,
another to a Mr. Boyd, who died leaving a small family. The youngest of
Thomas Bowser's children, Ann, was married to Christopher Humphrey of
Thomas Bowser, 2nd, married a Miss King and settled on Cole's Island;
Ebenezer at Beech Hill; Richard S., Joseph, and John on the old farm;
William and Benjamin at Fairfield, Sackville. George died when in middle
age. He was not married. Thomas, Richard S., and William had large
families. Joseph and Benjamin also had children. Ebenezer and John had
no children. Layton died when in middle life, leaving a small family.
Christopher Richardson came also from Yorkshire. He lived at
Sackville, near where the Salem Baptist Meeting House stands. One son
and one daughter were left in England. Others of his children were named
Christopher, Joseph Providence, Elizabeth, Charlotte; another named
Timothy died when a young man.
Christopher, 2nd, had children, named Joseph, Christopher, Timothy,
John, Sarah, Mary, and Charlotte. Joseph Providence was born on the
passage from England, and was named Joseph for the captain, and
Providence for the ship they sailed in. His children bore the names
Charlotte, George, Sarah, John, Fanny, Charles; also Jane, who died aged
about 40 years, and Christopher who died when a youth.
Elizabeth, daughter of the first Christopher Richardson, was married
to the first Gabriel Purdy, of Westchester Mountains, and had a family
of children. Some of them bore the names Jacob, Henry, Elijah, David,
and Gilbert. Charlotte was married to a Mr. Horton, and lived at
Sackville. They had three sons, named John, Samuel, and Amasa.
A large portion of the first Christopher Richardson's posterity
remain at Sackville, N.B.
This family consisted of three brothers and two sisters: Christopher,
John, William, Jane, and Mary. John lived at a part of Moncton now
called Lewisville, and owned a valuable mill property. He was never
married. Christopher owned a good farm at Sackville, N.B. He married Ann
Bowser. They had no children. William married a Miss Trueman, and owned
a carding machine at Amherst and one at Maccan, besides a farm at each
place. He sold the farms, and bought a valuable one at Sackville, N.B.,
which his son Harmon occupies. Jane Humphrey was married to John Morice,
who owned the valuable establishment at Sackville called Morice's Mills.
Mary Humphrey was married to Charles Dixon, who sold his valuable farm
at Sackville to William Humphrey and moved west, having embraced the
Charles Dixon, on his arrival in America, bought over 2,000 acres of
land at Sackville, where he settled. He left the property to his sons,
Edward and Charles. These two brothers had large families, some of the
members of which occupy good positions. Edward married Mary Smith;
Charles, Mary Humphrey. Their sisters, daughters of the first named
Charles Dixon, were married to Dr. Rufus Smith of Westmorland, William
Chapman, and Thomas Roach, of Fort Lawrence, Mr. Wilson of Dorchester,
and George Bulmer, of Sackville.
Dr. Smith represented the County of Westmorland for many years, and
Thomas Roach was also a representative of Cumberland, which situation he
held for many years until he became advanced in life.
Edward Dixon had children named Charles, Edwin, John, William, Rufus,
James D., Elizabeth, and Jane. Charles married Miss Boultenhouse; Edwin,
Miss Anderson; James D., Miss Black; John died when young; William and
Rufus removed from Sackville; Elizabeth was married to a Mr. Chubbeck;
Jane to David Lyons, a master mariner.
Robert Atkinson, another emigrant from England, was married twice.
The names of his first wife's children were Christopher, Joseph, John,
Nancy, and Sarah. Those of the second wife were Amasa, Thomas, Robert,
Andrew, William, Elizabeth, Jane, Olive, and Mary. All the second wife's
children, except Amasa and Elizabeth, moved to the United States.
The first named Robert Atkinson owned a valuable farm at Sackville,
on which some of his sons settled. Christopher sold to C. F. Allison,
who built the male Academy on the site which has since been known as
Mount Allison. Other portions of the old farm were sold, and are now
occupied by the Methodist Church, the Female Academy, the College, and
other buildings in connection with the Mount Allison institutions; also,
Fawcett's foundry, and valuable residence.
Christopher Atkinson removed to Point de Bute, and had a large family
of children. Joseph settled at Woodpoint, Sackville. Several of his sons
were skilful master mariners. Nancy Atkinson was married to Christopher
Richardson, of Sackville, Sarah was married to Richard S. Bowser, as
noticed elsewhere. Elizabeth was married to Anthony Lowe. None of the
descendants now live on the old farm.
The descendants of the Ripley family are numerous. Several brothers
emigrated from Yorkshire, among whom were Henry, John, and William, who
came to America together, and Joseph, Robert, and Thomas, who came
afterwards. John was of a roving nature; William settled at Maccan;
Joseph at River Philip; Robert at the eastern end of the county; one
settled in the State of Massachusetts. Thomas was a school teacher.
Henry bought, for 600 pounds, 600 acres of marsh and upland at
Nappan, where he settled. His wife's maiden name was Mary Fawcett, whose
brothers settled at Sackville, N.B. They had sixteen children, four of
whom died when young. They bore the names Susanna, Jane, Mary, John,
Henry, Ruth, Robert, Rebecca, Isabella, Sarah, Joseph, and others.
Susanna was married to Amos Trueman, and lived at Truemanville. Jane
was married to William Trueman, of Westmorland; Mary to Thomas Lowther.
John and Henry, as well as the younger brothers Robert and Joseph,
settled on the old farm at Nappan. Ruth was married to Matthew Coates,
of Sussex; Rebecca was married to Thomas Smith, of Nappan; Isabel to
James Shipley; and Sarah to William Pipes.
All these people have been removed by death, and their posterity are
considerably scattered, but many of the descendants live in the County
William and John Fawcett came from Yorkshire. William had two sons
and a daughter, named William, John, and Mary. The sons settled on their
father's farm at Upper Sackville. Mary was married to John Dobson, who
removed to Sussex. All had children. William's consisted of a daughter
and a son. The daughter was married to James George, who died a few
years ago, leaving a respectable family of children. His widow still
lives on the old farm. Her father, William Fawcett, was shot dead
through the window of his house about the year 1831.
John, son of the first named William Fawcett, had two sons and two
daughters, named Robert, John, Mary, and Nancy. The sons settled on
farms at Sackville. Robert married a Miss Seaman, sister of the late
Amos Seaman, of Minudie. John, son of the first named John Fawcett,
married Jane Black. (Further particulars in Chap. 10.) Mary was married
to Henry Ripley, of Nappan, and had a numerous family, as elsewhere
noticed. Nancy was married to John Ogden, and had six children.
John Harrison came from England in the spring of 1774, and brought
his wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Lovett, and some of the eldest
children. They first settled at Barronsfield, Cumberland County. Their
children's names were Luke, John, Thomas, and William. They also had
five daughters, who were married to men of the names Brown, Lumney,
Lodge, Lambert, and Furlong.
Luke and William Harrison settled on the south side of Maccan River,
below Maccan Station, I. C. Railway. John also settled at Maccan, and
Thomas at what is now called Southampton. William married a Miss Coates;
Thomas a Miss Henry.
William Pipes and his wife also came from England, and settled at
Nappan. They had two sons, William and Jonathan. William remained on the
same farm and had four sons and two daughters, named William, Jonathan,
John Parkinson, Amos Brown, Esther, and Mary. William had a family, and
lived at River Philip. Jonathan went to Canada, and was captain of a
steamboat. The other two sons resided at Nappan. J. Parkinson's children
were named William, Caleb, Thomas, Jonathan, Richard, Elizabeth, Esther,
Mary, and Nellie. William is a Justice of the Peace. J. Richard has been
a County Councillor for two years, and was the first Warden of the
County. The daughters of J. Parkinson Pipes were married, respectively,
to Andrew Ripley, Henry Lowther, George Lowther, and a Mr. Weldon, of
Esther, daughter of the first named William Pipes, was married to
Rev. Samuel McCully, a Baptist minister. Their children's names were
Cyrus, Mary, William, Samuel, Jonathan, Mary, Robert, Esther, Eliza
Bell, and Hannah. Jonathan was elevated to the bench of the Supreme
Court. Amos Brown's children were named William C., Jonathan, Rufus, and
Jonathan, the other son of the first named William Pipes, owned a
good farm at Amherst. He had one son and two daughters. The son Jonah
was left in possession of the farm, which is now owned by persons not
connected with the family. One of the daughters of Jonathan Pipes was
married to Thomas Law Dickson, and lived at Amherst; the other was
married to Charles Baker, and lived at Barronsfield. Both sisters had
several children, a small number of whom are still living. Some of the
descendants of William Pipes occupy prominent positions in the country.
William Trueman owned and lived on a farm at Point de Bute, which was
of large area and valuable. His wife's name was Keillor. They had seven
sons and three daughters. The daughters were married, respectively, to:
Gilbert Lawrence, who settled at Upper Maccan; William Humphrey, of whom
there is mention elsewhere; and George Glendenning of Warren. The sons
of the first William Trueman were William, Harmon, John, Amos, Thomas,
Robert, and Thompson. William and Amos married sisters, named Ripley.
The wives of Harmon and Robert were named Bent; Thomas' wife was named
Gore; John's Palmer; Thompson's, Mary Freeze.
All the children of the first William Trueman had children, some of
them a large number, and the descendants are reputed steady, honest, and
intelligent, some of them filling prominent situations in the country.
George Bulmer, when a young man, came from England with other
emigrants. He married Susanna Dixon, and settled on a farm at Sackville,
where he had a large family whose descendants are well known. He had
sons, named Charles, James, George, Edward, Nelson, and William. His
daughter, Jane, was married to William Smith, who settled at Maccan;
Elizabeth was married to Henry McLellan; Ann to Joseph Bowser, of
Sackville; Isabel to James Estabrooks, of Sackville; Mary to Benjamin
Scurr, of Sackville.
The brothers, Charles, James, and Nelson, were farmers at Sackville.
George settled at Port Elgin, and in the latter part of his life removed
to Sackville. Edward lived at Hopewell, and William at Moncton.
George Bulmer had other brothers who came from England at different
times afterwards and occupied various locations, among whom are William,
John, and Joseph. One of these went to Albany, New York, and one of his
descendants is a member of the N.Y. Legislature. Some of the descendants
live at Nappan. One, J. T. Bulmer, is a lawyer, doing business at
William Wells, the first, settled at Point de Bute, then called
Prospect. His sons, William and George, remained at the same place.
William married a Miss Allen, and had sons named Thomas Benjamin and
William. The daughters were named Mary, Cynthia, Catherine, Sarah, and
Marinda, and were married to Joseph Doherty, Isaac Doherty, James
Trenholm, Alfred Jones, and Archie Hoar.
George, son of the first William Wells, married Elizabeth Freeman, of
Amherst. Their children's names are given in another part of this
chapter under the name Freeman.
The first William Wells had daughters, one of whom was married to
Samuel Freeze, of Sussex. They had seven daughters, five of whom were
married to persons residing at Westmorland. Samuel Freeze was twice
married, subsequently, as stated elsewhere.
Another daughter of the first William Wells was married to George
Chappell, of Bay Verte. They had a large family of children.
Thomas Read, another of the emigrants from Yorkshire, first settled
on the west side of River Hebert. He had three sons and a daughter,
named Thomas, Robert Cornelius, John, and Celia.
Thomas Read, 2nd, settled at Amherst Hill, and had children named
James, John W., Celia, Mary, and Eliza. James settled at Nappan, and is
a prosperous farmer. John W. settled on a small island near Amherst
Point, and is in good circumstances. Thomas settled at Athol. Celia was
married to Silas Mills. Mary was married to Joseph Ripley, of Nappan.
Eliza was married to Job Pugsley, of Athol.
Robert Cornelius lived at River Philip, and married Sarah Shipley, of
Maccan. They had three sons and three daughters, named Robert Colon, who
is noticed in Chapter II; Stephen, who married Emily Thompson, of River
Philip; Thomas, who married Annabel Wright, of P.E.I.; Mary, the eldest,
who was married to John Wooler Oxley, of Tidnish; Elizabeth, the second
daughter, to Richard Thompson, of River Philip; and Sarah, who died in
John, the other son of the first mentioned Thomas Read, settled in
John and Thomas Keillor came from England with their father. They
also had a sister, who was married to William Trueman of Point de Bute,
and is noticed elsewhere.
John Keillor settled at Dorchester, and married Elizabeth Weldon.
They had children named Ann, who was married to David Chapman, of
Dorchester; Mary, who was married to John Robb of Dorchester; Elizabeth,
married to Nathaniel Gilbert; John, married to Mary Ann Riley, Margaret,
to Andrew Read; Jane, to John Dickey; Sarah, to James Long; and Thomas,
to Mary Jane Moore. All have died except Thomas, who is 83 years old.
John Keillor was a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas.
Thomas Keillor settled at Amherst, on the farm previously owned by
William Freeze. He also had many descendants. His sons' names were John
and R. Coates, twins, William, Robert, and George.
John married a 1 Mrs. Haywood,
and settled on a farm at what is now called Warren. Some of his children
moved to Ontario.
R. Coates married and settled on a good farm at Point de Bute, and
had a family of children. His wife died, and he married a second time.
William married Nancy Williams of Pugwash.
Robert Married Elsie Dobson.
George married a Miss Cummings.
Thomas Keillor had daughters, also, who were married to persons of
the names: Robert Seaman, Jonah Pipes, James Horton, and Charles White.
One of C. White's sons was very ingenious. He invented a chair for
President Garfield, on which he used to recline and rest after he had
been shot, and which has become of very great financial value to the
William and George, sons of Thomas Keillor, moved to Ontario. About
half of each of their children have removed thence to Michigan.
George Oxley came from Yorkshire to this country in the year 1774,
with his wife and family (except his eldest son Stephen). He lived two
years at Mount Whatley, Westmorland, and removed thence to River Philip,
where he and several others procured 15,000 acres of land. Its situation
is the south-west side of the cross-roads, and extended 1 1/2 miles each
side of the river. Each person had 500 acres. His wife's maiden name was
Mary Bowden. She was mentioned in an account of the conversion of
William (afterwards Rev. William) Black, as one possessing sterling
Mr. Oxley had four sons, named Stephen, George, John, and Joseph, but
Stephen married in England, and afterwards removed to America. His wife
died, leaving two sons and two daughters. He afterwards married Mrs.
Stewart, mother of Alexander Stewart, who was for many years a prominent
lawyer at Amherst, was several times elected a member of the Nova Scotia
Assembly, and was subsequently Master of the Rolls. By this second
marriage there was one son named Bowden.
George Oxley, the second, married Cynthia Bent, of Fort Lawrence. He
settled at Wallace. His children bore the names: Eunice, Mary B.,
Arthusa, Joseph, H. Nelson, Georgianna, Almira, Cynthia Eliza, and
Eunice and H. Nelson were not married. As stated in Chap. IV,
Arethusa was married to Richard Black. Margaret W. was married to James
Christie, of River Hebert, and had five sons and two daughters. Two of
the sons, one of whom is a Justice of the Peace, live at River Hebert.
The remaining three are doing an extensive business at Amherst, in the
manufacture of caskets and coffins, and in lumber. The daughters of
James Christie are not married.
John, son of the first George Oxley, settled at River Philip. He
married Ann Baker, of Amherst. Their children were named Charles,
Charlotte, Stephen, George, Benjamin, Mary, Edward, William John, and
Joseph, the youngest son of the first George Oxley, married Elizabeth
S. Black, as noticed in Chap. II.
At the same time these persons settled on their large area of land,
salmon were plentiful, and many were taken at their doors, both by spear
and hook. Moose and caribou were abundant, and within easy reach.
Everything put into the ground grew without disease, and the people
appeared to enjoy life, though living in comparative seclusion.
SETTLERS FROM NEW ENGLAND.
Some years previously to the arrival of those English people in this new
country, several families removed from New England, and settled at the
head of the Bay of Fundy. Some of these returned to their old home after
the Revolutionary War. Some of those who remained are known by the names
Gay, DesBarres, Morse, Barron, Huston, Baker, Bent, Chappell, Watson,
In the year 1763, Lord Amherst established three Townships in the
County of Cumberland, which county embraced what is now Westmorland and
Albert Counties. The western portion of these counties was a dense
wilderness, and the western bounds of Cumberland had probably never been
defined. All the remainder of what is now New Brunswick was the County
The townships Lord Amherst established were Cumberland, Amherst, and
Sackville. The Township of Cumberland embraced all the lands between the
LaPlanche and the Au Lac, extending east to Bay Verte, and west to the
Bay of Fundy, and comprising over 80,000 acres. The fort named
Beausejour, that had a few years previously been taken from the French,
was changed to Fort Cumberland, and several officers of the British
Government were settled near the Fort. In this year a committee of seven
was appointed to petition Governor Wilmot to admit Cumberland as a
township and have the privilege of sending a member to the Assembly. The
prayer was granted, and Joshua Winslow was the first representative.
Shortly after, Amherst and Sackville became townships, and obtained
Several persons procured a grant in Cumberland Township extending to Bay
Verte, and embracing 34,000 acres. One of these was Joseph Morse, the
great grand-father of Judge Morse, of Amherst.
A grant of 15,750 acres was soon after obtained in the same township.
At this time large grants of land were offered in Nova Scotia by the
British Government to parties upon the consideration that they settle
the land. The land having been taken from the French a few years
previous, fears were entertained of their return.
Colonel William Frederick Wallett DesBarres obtained 20,000 acres at
Tatamagouche, 20,000 at Memramcook, and all Minudie, which he settled
with French. Subsequently his title was disputed, and, in some cases,
the DesBarres descendants gained; in others a compromise was made. Our
Judge DesBarres is a grandson of the colonel, his father having been
Governor of Nova Scotia.
Captain Franklin (afterwards Governor) had 20,000 acres at River
Hebert which he settled with English. 20,000 acres between the Maccan
and Nappan were granted to Captain Gmellin, which were settled by
Captain Barron got lands at Barronsfield. Charles Baker married a
Miss Barron, and got possession of some of these lands. It was to Edward
Barron, William Black, and Charles Baker that the Court House grounds
were deeded in trust for the County of Cumberland, they being Judges of
the Common Pleas. Two of Charles Baker's sons settled at Barronsfield
and one lived at Amherst. Edward and William were Justices of the Peace,
and Edward at one time represented the township of Amherst in the
Amos Botsford resided at Westcock, Sackville. He was empowered by the
British Government to get this country settled, and exerted himself in
arranging the settlement of Sackville. His son, William was the only
lawyer in Westmorland for many years and was subsequently appointed
Judge of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick.
Colonel Joseph Morse, one of the grantees of land at Cumberland, had
a son named Alpheus who settled at Cumberland and had five sons and
three daughters. The eldest two sons--Alpheus and John--settled at River
Philip. James Shannon, when young, left home to go to the United States.
Calling at lawyer Botsford's, Mr. Botsford persuaded him to remain, and
offered to take him as a student-at-law. Mr. Morse complied, and at an
early age got his profession, and, for many years, was the only lawyer
in Cumberland. He was elected several times to represent the township of
Amherst in the Assembly, generally, by acclamation. He was also a member
of the Legislative and Executive Councils of the province. Of his sons,
one is a physician, and three were lawyers, one of whom is Judge of the
County Court. Joseph Morse, son of Alpheus, 2nd, removed to the United
States. Silas had two daughters. One was married to Dr. (now Sir
Charles) Tupper, and the other to W. M. Fullerton, Queen's Counsel. The
daughters of the first Alpheus Morse were married to William White,
Esq., Mr. End, a lawyer, and Alexander Stewart, C. B., late Master of
the Rolls. Mrs. Stewart is very aged, and the only survivor of the
Jesse and John Bent settled in Cumberland County, Jesse at Fort
Lawrence and John at Amherst. One of John's sons--William White
Bent--represented the township of Anherst in the Nova Scotia Assembly
for many years.
Many of the Chappell descendants live near Bay Verte.
The Ayer descendants live in Westmorland and Albert.
Several other families came to this country immediately after the
Revolutionary War, among whom was a Mr. Chandler who was Sheriff of
Cumberland. His son, Charles H., succeeded him in that office, and
Joshua, the eldest son of Charles H., followed his father in the same
position. Edward B., another son of Charles H. Chandler, who became a
prominent lawyer, lived at Dorchester. He, for many years, occupied a
seat in the New Brunswick Assembly. He was also a member of the
Legislative and Executive Councils, and finally was Lieutenant Governor
of New Brunswick. Some of his sons reside in Westmorland County. His
brother William was a lawyer and practised at Richibucto. Scarcely any
of the Chandler family now live in Cumberland.
Three men named Purdy came to this country after the war,--Henry,
Gabriel, and Gilbert. Henry settled at Fort Lawrence, and was Colonel of
the Militia. He had sons named Elijah, Lewis Kniffin, James, Samuel, and
Gilbert; also daughters. Elijah was a medical doctor, and, for many
years, the only one of the profession residing at Amherst. Gilbert was
Registrar of Deeds for Cumberland. His son, James E., now fills the
office. The first Elijah Purdy settled at Westchester, and had sons
named Peter, Gabriel, Jacob, Henry, Gilbert, and David. The last named
is the only survivor. He is very aged and lives at Amherst with his son
Amos, postmaster. The first Gilbert Purdy lived at Malagash.
Nathaniel Travis settled on a farm at Amherst and had a large family
of children, who are somewhat scattered, but many reside at Amherst.
Nathaniel Travis had a brother, named Jeremiah, who came to St. John,
N.B. Some of his descendants are in the legal and medical professions.
Samuel Embree lived at White Haven, New York. He was commander of the
light horse dragoons, and owned valuable estate, which he forsook on
account of his loyalty to the British crown, and settled at Amherst. He
drew a yearly pension to the close of his life. He was very tall. His
wife was very energetic. At one time she came from Eastport in a small
schooner. The captain had the horrors and was incapable of managing the
craft. No others were on board except a youth and Lawyer Botsford. They
succeeded in securing the captain, and Mrs. Embree volunteered the helm,
which she kept until she brought up safely at Aulac. She had been to sea
before. Another exploit: A large whale was captured at Sharp's Creek and
his mouth was opened and a prop set in, and Mrs. Embree rode in and
around the prop. Had the fish been alive it might have swallowed both
her and the horse, but it did not.
Mr. Embree had three sons and a daughter. The sons, Thomas and
Israel, remained on the old farm at Amherst and Elisha settled at what
is now Warren. The daughter, as before noticed, was married to Luther